UAE: Summer longest day in June to extend nearly 14 hours

Asma Ahmed - | UAE

The UAE is gearing up for its summer solstice, marking the longest day of the year with temperatures expected to range between 41ºC and 43ºC during the day and 26ºC to 29ºC at night.

UAE Summer Solstice and Weather Forecast

This significant astronomical event, spanning from June 20 to June 22, will last 13 hours and 48 minutes, according to the Astronomy and Space Sciences authority. Typically occurring on June 21, this year's solstice will take place on June 20 at 20:51 UTC for most countries, making it the earliest solstice since 1796. Additionally, authorities have noted that in future leap years, the date of the summer solstice will also be earlier.

The third week of June signifies the transition into 'astronomical summer' in the UAE. This season begins with the summer solstice, when one of Earth's poles is tilted closest to the sun, resulting in the longest day of the year. Ibrahim Al Jarwan, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Emirates Astronomy Society and a member of the Arab Union for Astronomy and Space Sciences, explains that during the solstice, the sun is perpendicular to the Tropic of Cancer at its northernmost position. This alignment causes the shadow to be absent at noon in areas directly beneath the sun, including the southern regions of the UAE, resulting in the shortest meridian shadow across the northern half of the Earth.

Daytime and nighttime temperatures

During this period, daytime temperatures are expected to soar between 41ºC and 43ºC, while nighttime temperatures will range from 26ºC to 29ºC. In some areas, temperatures could exceed 50 oC. The summer weather is characterized by dry conditions, particularly in the first half of the season, which extends from June 21 to August 10. During this time, hot and dry winds are prevalent in the northern and northwestern regions of the country. These winds can stir up dust and sand, creating hot air waves that elevate temperatures by at least four degrees.

As the summer progresses into its second half, from August 11 until the autumn equinox on September 23, the UAE will experience an increase in humidity levels along with the persistently high temperatures. Humid winds will blow across the country, contributing to the formation of cumulus clouds over mountainous regions and surrounding areas. These clouds have the potential to trigger thunderstorms, adding a dynamic weather element to an otherwise hot and dry summer.

Impact on Daily Life

The high temperatures and varying weather patterns during the UAE's summer solstice and the subsequent months significantly impact daily life and activities. Residents are advised to stay hydrated, avoid prolonged exposure to the sun, and be prepared for dust storms and potential thunderstorms. Understanding these weather patterns is crucial for planning and preparedness, ensuring safety and comfort during the intense summer season.

The UAE's summer solstice marks the beginning of the astronomical summer, bringing with it extreme temperatures and distinct weather patterns. The transition from dry, hot winds in the early summer to humid conditions with potential thunderstorms later in the season highlights the varied climatic experiences within this period. As the longest day of the year approaches, the UAE braces for its characteristic summer heat and the unique challenges it brings.

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Asma Ahmed
Asma Ahmed
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